Afghanistan country overview
Before we start to discuss Afghanistan GDP, First we discuss the Afghanistan General overview. Afghanistan is officially called the Islamic Emirates of Afghanistan. It is a landlocked country. It is located in South Asia. afghanistan’s border countries are Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China.
Its capital and largest city name are Kabul. in Afghanistan, major languages are Pashto and Dari Persian. When we talk about its ethnic groups, so 42% of Pashtuns, 27% of Tajik and other ethnic groups live in Afghanistan.
In religion, 99% Muslims and 1% others. when we talk about its government system, its government system is the unitary Islamic caretaker government. Afghanistan’s head of state’s name is Hibatullah Akhundzada.
Its prime minister name is Hassan akhund. afghanistan’s total land area is 652,860 km2. its total land area rank is 40th in the world. its total population is 32,890,800 in the year 2020. its population rank is 43rd in the world. its population density is 48/ km2. its population density rank is 174th in the world.
Afghanistan’s currency is called the AFN. Afghanistan is normally called a developing or emerging country. Afghanistan is also a low-income economy and a least developed country.
The inflation rate in Afghanistan is 4.5% in the year 2020. 55% of Afghanistan population is living below the poverty line. Afghanistan’s Human Developed Index rate is 0.494 in the year 2019 which is considered very low in the world. its HDI rank is 170th in the world.
Afghanistan’s total labour force is 14,459,500 in the year 2019. when we talk about its labour force by occupation, so agriculture is 44%, industry 18% and services are 38% in the year 2017.
The unemployment rate in Afghanistan is 24% in the year 2017. Its gross external debt is $ 2.9 billion. its total foreign reserves are $ 9.7 billion in the year 2021. Afghanistan’s foreign reserves are currently Frozen by the United States.
Afghanistan’s total GDP is $19 billion (nominal) and $78 billion (PPP) in the year 2021. Its GDP rank is 113th (nominal) and 96th (PPP) in the year 2019. Afghanistan’s GDP growth rate is 1% in the year 2021.
Its GDP per capita is $510 (nominal) and $2,000 (PPP) in the year 2021. Its GDP per capita rank is 177th (nominal) and 169th (PPP) in the year 2019. When we talk about Its GDP by sector, agriculture is 23%, industry 21%, and services are 56% according the year 2016.
Its total exports are $820 million in the year 2021. Its main export goods are fruits, cotton, medical herbs, etc. its main export partners are the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, India, China, and others.
Afghanistan’s total imports are $6 billion in the year 2021. Its main import goods are machinery, food, textile, petroleum, and others. Its main import partners are Iran, Pakistan, India, China, and others.
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