Canada is located in North America. It is consists of ten provinces and three territories. It is the world’s second-largest country by area. Its total area is 9,984,672 km2. It is a highly developed country. Its Capital name is Ottawa. Its Largest city name is Toronto. Its official languages are English and French. Its total population is around 38,048,800 approx. by the year 2021 and population density is 3.91/km2. Its HDI (Human Development Index) is 0.930, by the year 2019 which is considered very high in the world.
When we talk about ethnicity, English speaking is 18%, Scottish 13%, Irish 13%, Chinese 5%, etc. English and French are speaking largely in Canada. By the year 2011, 67% of Canadians are Christian.
Total Private and Public sector universities in Canada are 100 approx.
Canada’s army is founded in 1968 in its current form. Canada’s armed forces consist of three main branches are called, the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force, and Royal Canadian Navy. Its headquarter is located in Ottawa, Ontario. Elizabeth II is the commander-in-chief of the Canadian Armed Forces. Military age in Canadian Armed Forces is 16 to 60 Years.
Total active personals in Canadian Armed Forces are 67,500 by the year 2020. Reserve personals are 36,000 and deployed personals are around 2,100 by the year 2020. Its total military budget is $22.9 billion by the year 2020 which is 1.4% of the total percentage of its GDP.
Canada in science and technology:
Canada is spent $35 billion on research. Canada has 32 million internet users which are 94% of its total population.
Canadian GDP (nominal) is $1.8 trillion and GDP per capita is $49,300, by the year 2021. Its total GDP (PPP) is $1.9 trillion and per capita is $51,700. Its currency name is the Canadian dollar (CAD). GDP growth by the year 2021 is 6.0%. when we talk about its GDP by sector, Agriculture is 1.5%, Industry 29%, and services are 70%.
The inflation rate in Canada is 0.5%, by the year 2020. The rate of population below the poverty line is 11%. Canada’s total labor force is 20 million by the year 2020. The unemployment rate in Canada is 9% which is 1.9 million Canadians who are unemployed. The average gross salary in Canada is $1,000 weekly approx.
Canada’s main industries are transportation, petroleum, Natural gas, fish and seafood products, etc.
Imports and Exports:
Its total exports are $550 billion by the year 2019. Its major export goods are industrial equipment, aircraft, telecommunication, timber, etc. when we talk about its main export partners, the United States 78%, European union 8%, China 4%, etc.
Its total imports are $450 billion by the year 2019. Its main import goods are machinery, industrial equipment, motor and auto parts, chemicals, and others. Its main import partners are the United States 53%, China 12%, European Union 11%, etc.
Its foreign reserves are $85 billion, by the year 2019.
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